The 60 most iconic neurological disorders

Neurology is a vast specialty that encompasses a staggering array of diseases and syndromes. Most neurological disorders are unsung and prefer anonymity to fame. These masquerades roam under the radar and stalk neurology wards and clinics incognito. We will expose them in a coming blog post. Other nervous system maladies are however prominent, and they brazenly boast of their prevalence, their notoriety, or their distinctive names. These are the diseases which have come to symbolise neurology and to define its practitioners. Without much ado, and in no specific order, here is my list of the top 60 iconic neurological disorders.

Neural Connections in the Human Brain. Image Editor on Flickr. https://www.flickr.com/photos/11304375@N07/5879596746

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Carpal tunnel syndrome

Cluster headache

Epilepsy

Hemifacial spasm

Alzheimer’s disease

By uncredited - Images from the History of Medicine (NLM) [1], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11648572
https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11648572

Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS)

Cervical dystonia

Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS)

Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP)

Behcet’s disease

By Republic2011 - Own work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=17715921
By Republic2011Own work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=17715921

Brain tumours

 Cerebral palsy (CP)

Essential tremor

Frontotemporal dementia (FTD)

Bell’s palsy

By http://wellcomeimages.org/indexplus/obf_images/69/f2/8d6c4130f4264b4b906960cf1f7e.jpgGallery: http://wellcomeimages.org/indexplus/image/M0011440.html, CC BY 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=36350600
https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=36350600

Brachial neuralgia

Kennedy disease

Narcolepsy

Peroneal neuropathy

Charcot Marie Tooth disease (CMT)

By http://wellcomeimages.org/indexplus/obf_images/66/09/4dfa424fe11bb8dc56b2058f04ba.jpgGallery: http://wellcomeimages.org/indexplus/image/V0026141.html, CC BY 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=36578490

Leber optic neuropathy (LHON)

Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP)

Transient global amnesia (TGA)

Parkinson’s disease (PD)

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)

By Unknown - http://www.sammlungen.hu-berlin.de/dokumente/11727/, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4008658
http://www.sammlungen.hu-berlin.de/dokumente/11727/,

Hashimoto encephalopathy

Myasthenia gravis (MG)

Stiff person syndrome (SPS)

Trigeminal neuralgia

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD)

By G._Duchenne.jpg: unknown/anonymousderivative work: PawełMM (talk) - G._Duchenne.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9701531
By G._Duchenne.jpg:

Encephalitis

Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)

Meningitis

Restless legs syndrome (RLS)

Friedreich’s ataxia (FA)

By Unknown - http://www.uic.edu/depts/mcne/founders/page0035.html, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3960759
http://www.uic.edu/depts/mcne/founders/page0035.html,

Tension-type headache (TTH)

Korsakoff syndrome

McArdle’s disease

Multiple sclerosis (MS)

Horner’s syndrome

By Unknown - http://ihm.nlm.nih.gov/images/B15207, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=19265414
http://ihm.nlm.nih.gov/images/B15207,

Motor neurone disease (MND)

Neurofibromatosis (NF)

Rabies

Subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH)

Huntington’s disease (HD)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Huntington#/media/File:George_Huntington.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Huntington#/media/File:George_Huntington.jpg

Migraine

Inclusion body myositis (IBM)

Neurosyphilis

Stroke

Miller-Fisher syndrome (MFS)

By J3D3 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=34315507
By J3D3Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,

Multiple system atrophy (MSA)

Tetanus

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA)

Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC)

Wernicke’s encephalopathy

By J.F. Lehmann, Muenchen - IHM, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9679254
https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9679254

Peripheral neuropathy (PN)

Neurosarcoidosis

Myotonic dystrophy

Neuromyelitis optica (NMO)

Wilson’s disease

By Carl Vandyk (1851–1931) - [No authors listed] (July 1937). "S. A. Kinnier Wilson". Br J Ophthalmol 21 (7): 396–97. PMC: 1142821., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11384670
S. A. Kinnier Wilson“.  https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11384670

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Is any quintessentially neurological disorder missing? Do drop a line

And check Neurochecklists for more iconic and unconventional neurology

Neurological connections. NIH Image Gallery on Flickr. https://www.flickr.com/photos/nihgov/33187445962

 

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