25 non-eponymous neurological disorders…and their pioneers

Neurology is as much defined by its diseases as by the people who named them. In many cases, it is a no brainer that Benjamin Duchenne described Duchenne muscular dystrophy, and that Charle’s Bell is linked to Bell’s palsy. Similarly, it goes without saying that Guido Werdnig and Johann Hoffmann defined Werdnig-Hoffmann disease, and that Sergei Korsakoff depicted Korsakoff’s psychosis. The same goes for Adolf Wallenberg and Wallenberg’s syndrome, and Augusta Dejerine Klumpke and Klumpke’s paralysis. The same applies to neurological clinical signs, with Moritz Romberg and Romberg’s sign, Henreich Rinne and Rinne’s test, Joseph Babinski and Babinski sign, and Joseph Brudzinski with Brudzinki’s sign.

Reunion of neurologists at the Salpêtrière hospital. Photograph, 1926 https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=36322408

But whilst we celebrate George Huntington, Alois Alzheimer, and James Parkinson for the syndromes that bear their names, we must remember that many diseases never got labelled with the names of their discoverers. Who, for example, defined narcolepsy and delirium tremens? This blog post is therefore an ode to the faceless and nameless neurology icons whose contributions are at risk of being forgotten in the mist of time. To inject some fairness into the naming game, here are 25 non-eponymous neurological diseases and the people who discovered, defined, or named them.

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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

Jean-Martin Charcot

Készítette: Unidentified photographerhttp://resource.nlm.nih.gov/101425121, Közkincs, Hivatkozás

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Aphantasia

Francis Galton and Adam Zeman

Link

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Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP)

Peter J Dyck

By Dr. Jana – http://docjana.com/#/saltatory ; https://www.patreon.com/posts/4374048, CC BY 4.0, Link

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Corticobasal degeneration (CBD)

WRG Gibb, PJ Luthert, and C David Marsden

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cd/ProteineTau.jpg

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Epilepsy

Hippocrates

Hippocrates. Eden, Janine and Jim on Flickr. https://www.flickr.com/photos/edenpictures/8278213840

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Essential tremor

Pietro Burresi

By UndescribedOwn work, CC BY-SA 4.0, Link

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Frontotemporal dementia (FTD)

Arnold Pick

Link

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Inclusion body myositis (IBM)

E J Yunis and F J Samaha

CC BY-SA 3.0, Link

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Meningitis

Vladimir Kernig and Jozef Brudzinski

Link

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Migraine

Aretaeus of Cappadocia

By Cesaree01Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, Link

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Multiple sclerosis (MS)

Jean-Martin Charcot

Journal.pone.0057573.g005http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0057573#pone-0057573-g005. Licensed under CC BY 2.5 via Wikimedia Commons.

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Multiple system atrophy (MSA)

Milton Shy and Glen Drager

By Kenneth J. Nichols,Brandon Chen, Maria B. Tomas, and Christopher J. Palestro – Kenneth J. Nichols et al. 2018. Interpreting 123I–ioflupane dopamine transporter scans using hybrid scores., CC BY 4.0, Link

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Myasthenia gravis (MG)

Samuel Wilks

By Unknown authorhttp://ihm.nlm.nih.gov/images/B25782, Public Domain, Link 

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Myotonic dystrophy

Hans Gustav Wilhelm Steinert

By Unknown author – reprinted in [1], Public Domain, Link 

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Neurofibromatosis

Friedrich Daniel von Recklighausen

By Unknown authorIHM, Public Domain, Link 

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Narcolepsy

Jean-Baptiste-Edouard Gélineau

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/74/Jean_Baptiste_Edouard_G%C3%A9lineau.jpg

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Poliomyelitis

Michael Underwood

By Manuel Almagro RivasOwn work, CC BY-SA 4.0, Link

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Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP)

John Steele, John Richardson, and Jerzy Olszewski

By Dr Laughlin Dawes – radpod.org, CC BY 3.0, Link

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Restless legs syndrome (RLS)

Karl Axel Ekbom

By Peter McDermott, CC BY-SA 2.0, Link

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Stiff person syndrome (SPS)

Frederick Moersch and Henry Woltmann

By PecatumOwn work, CC BY-SA 4.0, Link

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Synaesthesia

Georg Sachs and Gustav Feschner

Synaesthesia. aka Tman on Flickr. https://www.flickr.com/photos/rundwolf/7001467111/

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Stroke

Hippocrates

Neuroimaging in Acute Stroke.Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0), CC BY 4.0, Link

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Tabes dorsalis

Moritz Romberg

h Link

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Trigeminal neuralgia

John Fothergill

G Link

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Tuberous sclerosis

Désiré-Magloire Bourneville

Link

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Let us then celebrate the pioneers…eponymous and anonymous alike.

 

What’s in a name? Jack Dorsey on Flickr. https://www.flickr.com/photos/jackdorsey/170257936

7 thoughts on “25 non-eponymous neurological disorders…and their pioneers

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